The Yitzhak Rabin Terminal (formerly the Arava Terminal) is the southernmost border crossing between Israel and Jordan, and is located about 3 km. north of the city of Eilat. The terminal serves Israelis and foreign tourists who pass through it by vehicle or by foot. The terminal also serves as a cargo terminal through which goods are conveyed between Israel and Jordan. Many groups and tourists take advantage of the terminal in order to go on one-day trips to Petra. In addition, there is a developing trend of off-road trips in the wide open spaces of Jordan.
Petra's recognition as one of the seven wonders of the world, together with the recent substantial changes which have taken place in the city of Aqaba in Jordan, which is investing huge amounts of resources in tourism, with a tremendous building boom of new hotels, development of diving sites and the expansion of tourism services throughout the city, will all have an effect on the increase of tourism traffic through the terminal.
The Yitzhak Rabin Terminal is the first border crossing that was opened between Israel and
1994 - The Declaration of Intents Agreement between Israel and Jordan was signed in
Washington. The agreement determines that after a two week time period a land border
crossing is to open between the two countries. During those two weeks, the Israel Defense
Force (IDF), the Israel Airports Authority and other factors parties remove mines, pave and
access road and construct a temporary terminal, in order to ensure that the border crossing
is opened on schedule.
1994 - two weeks after the declaration of intents, the border crossing, now named then
named the Arava Terminal, was opened in a modest inauguration ceremony.
October 1994 – The Peace Agreement between the State of Israel and Jordan was signed
at the border crossing, in an impressive ceremony attended by the top echelon of Israeli and
Jordanian administration, and many other honorable guests, such as the president of the
USAPresident of the United States Mr. Bill Clinton.
September 1995 – The new terminal is opened.
June 1996 - The Cargo Terminal is opened and the transportation of cargo between Israel,
Jordan and additional countries, commences.
February 2002 – The terminal's name is changed from the Arava Terminal to the Yitzhak
Rabin Terminal, in honor of the late Yitzhak Rabin, Israel's Prime Minister and Minister of