The Menahem Begin Border Terminal is located approximately 10 km south of Eilat, and constitutes the most southern border crossing point within the State of Israel.
The Terminal offers a view of the countries bordering southern Israel: Jordan and Egypt.
The Terminal is a passageway between the State of Israel and Egypt. Passengers eligible to cross the border include Israeli citizens and foreign tourists, who are holding a valid passport or laissez-passer with an Egyptian visa, new immigrants and Palestinians holding an Israeli laissez-passer. Pilgrims use the crossing for pilgrimage to the holy sites in Israel: Jerusalem, Nazareth, Bethlehem and the St. Catharine's Monastery in Sinai.
The Terminal was established at the foot of a steep mountain, with the Egyptian Border stretching on one side, and a coastal strip declared as a nature reserve on the other. Due to its special geographic location, the Terminal's area is limited to a narrow strip, 45 metres wide and 200 metres long. Approximately one million passengers and 70,000 vehicles pass through this confined space every year.
1978 – The Peace Treaty between Israel and Egypt is signed and the Menahem BeginBorder
Terminal isopened for passage on the 26th of April 1982, one day after Israel's
withdrawal from Sinai. Initially the Terminal operated inside a tent, while caravans and
sheds were added at a later stage. Eventually the present building was erected.
March 1989 – International arbitration over the Menahem Begin Region concludes with the
decision that the public beach, Rafi Nelson's Village and the Sonesta Hotel be handed
over to the Egyptians. The consequences of this decision were an increase in
passenger traffic volumes and intensive activity at the Terminal. Due to the lack of an
alternative, the Terminal is opened for operation 24 hours a day.
September 1995 – Traffic at the Terminal hits a new record, with 1,038,828 passengers and
89,422 vehicles crossing the border through the Terminal.
2000 – The events of the Intifada (Palestinian uprising) and the Israel-Palestinian Conflict affect
passenger traffic, with a 9% drop in volume.
2003 and 2004 – Traffic volume at the Terminal re-stabilizes.